No known way to use the highbank model at the moment.
Add a build-dep on libfdt-dev.
On an amd64 system w/ > 4G of RAM:
$ sudo qemu-system-arm -nographic -M highbank -m 4089 -kernel ~/vmlinuz-3.2.0-2000-highbank -append console=ttyAMA0 -dtb ~/highbank.dtb
You can use the vmlinuz and highbank.dtb files from the latest linux-image-XXX-highbank package.
CONFIG_FDT, in most cases, is compiling in code to execute when -dtb is specified, instead of the current behavior of printing an error. In these cases, the risk of regression is low because if you weren't specifying -dtb before, nothing will be different. There are models, however, that have different behavior if CONFIG_FDT is undefined. These are petalogix_s3adsp1800_mmu, petalogix_ml605_mmu, and virtex_ml507. In these cases, it simply passes the device tree blob directly to the kernel. So, it is a risk on these models that the kernel was able to successfully handle the dtb processing, but the QEMU code we are now enabling does not. Finally, there's simply the risk that comes along with adding a new library dependency - it could introduce a FTBFS on some architectures, for example.
Please add a build-dep on libfdt-dev, which will add flat device tree support to qemu. This will let users pass the '-dtb' command line option, allowing us to specify a device tree file. Though it is supposedly possible to pass a dtb file to the instance by appending it to the zImage, I've been unable to get this to work (even with CONFIG_ARM_APPENDED_DTB=y). The -dtb method is more straightforward and I've been able to boot a highbank target with it (and the patch referenced in #1030588):
ubuntu@server-1343577662-az-3-region-a-geo-1:~$ sudo qemu-system-arm -nographic -M highbank -m 4089 -kernel ~/vmlinuz-3.2.0-2000-highbank -append console=ttyAMA0 -dtb ~/highbank.dtb
l2x0_priv_write: Bad offset 900
l2x0_priv_write: Bad offset 904
Booting Linux on physical CPU 0
Linux version 3.2.0-2000-highbank (buildd@nikusui) (gcc version 4.6.3 (Ubuntu/Linaro 4.6.3-1ubuntu3) ) #1-Ubuntu SMP PREEMPT Tue Mar 27 01:49:53 UTC 2012 (Ubuntu 3.2.0-2000.1-highbank 3.2.12)
CPU: ARMv7 Processor [410fc090] revision 0 (ARMv7), cr=10c5387d