USB external disks are not torn down correctly when they are unplugged

Bug #1874424 reported by Tom Cook
8
This bug affects 1 person
Affects Status Importance Assigned to Milestone
systemd (Ubuntu)
Undecided
Unassigned

Bug Description

System information:

$ lsb_release -rd
Description: Ubuntu 19.10
Release: 19.10
$ apt-cache policy udev
udev:
  Installed: 242-7ubuntu3.7
  Candidate: 242-7ubuntu3.7
  Version table:
 *** 242-7ubuntu3.7 500
        500 http://gb.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu eoan-updates/main amd64 Packages
        100 /var/lib/dpkg/status
     242-7ubuntu3.6 500
        500 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu eoan-security/main amd64 Packages
     242-7ubuntu3 500
        500 http://gb.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu eoan/main amd64 Packages

I have a USB3 external SSD (VID/PID is xxxx/xxxx). The whole device is encrypted (ie /dev/sdc is an encrypted LUKS volume) and the encrypted volume contains an LVM2 physical volume, a volume group called "vms" and two logical volumes.

If I plug it into a booted system, everything works as expected. I'm prompted for the volume password, the volume is unlocked and LVM then maps the logical volumes:

$ ls -l /dev/mapper
total 0
crw------- 1 root root 10, 236 Apr 23 11:49 control
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 7 Apr 23 11:51 luks-5e586d40-5f49-4c33-8f73-22da39d2728a -> ../dm-3
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 7 Apr 23 11:49 nvme0n1p3_crypt -> ../dm-0
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 7 Apr 23 11:49 vgubuntu-root -> ../dm-1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 7 Apr 23 11:49 vgubuntu-swap_1 -> ../dm-2
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 7 Apr 23 11:51 vms-veeabuild -> ../dm-4
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 7 Apr 23 11:51 vms-veea--mirror -> ../dm-5

(The volumes "vms-*" are the ones on the external disk). I can mount the volumes and use them.

If I'm careful to unmount the LVM volumes correctly and lock the disks, everything works as expected:

$ vgchange -a n vms
  0 logical volume(s) in volume group "vms" now active
$ sudo udisksctl lock -b /dev/sdc
Locked /dev/sdc.

I then unplug the disk and repeat the process - everything works. If, for whatever reason, the device gets unplugged without the proper cleanup, things get messy:

$ ls -l /dev/mapper
total 0
crw------- 1 root root 10, 236 Apr 23 11:49 control
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 7 Apr 23 12:04 luks-5e586d40-5f49-4c33-8f73-22da39d2728a -> ../dm-3
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 7 Apr 23 11:49 nvme0n1p3_crypt -> ../dm-0
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 7 Apr 23 11:49 vgubuntu-root -> ../dm-1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 7 Apr 23 11:49 vgubuntu-swap_1 -> ../dm-2
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 7 Apr 23 12:04 vms-veeabuild -> ../dm-4
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 7 Apr 23 12:04 vms-veea--mirror -> ../dm-5

Note that the "vms-*" volumes are still there.

$ ls -l /dev/dm-*
brw-rw---- 1 root disk 253, 0 Apr 23 11:49 /dev/dm-0
brw-rw---- 1 root disk 253, 1 Apr 23 11:49 /dev/dm-1
brw-rw---- 1 root disk 253, 2 Apr 23 11:49 /dev/dm-2
brw-rw---- 1 root disk 253, 3 Apr 23 12:04 /dev/dm-3
brw-rw---- 1 root disk 253, 4 Apr 23 12:04 /dev/dm-4
brw-rw---- 1 root disk 253, 5 Apr 23 12:04 /dev/dm-5

/dev/dm-* still exists.

However, sdc has been removed:

$ ls -l /dev/sdc
ls: cannot access '/dev/sdc': No such file or directory

If I then plug the disk in again, I'm again prompted for the passphrase and the disk is mapped to /dev/sdd (not /dev/sdc like previous times). If I try to mount one of the volumes:

$ sudo mount /dev/mapper/vms-veeabuild mnt2
mount: /home/tkcook/mnt2: can't read superblock on /dev/mapper/vms-veeabuild.

Something is not getting cleaned up when the disk is forcibly removed. There doesn't seem to be any way to clean up from here; vgchange can't deactivate the volume group and udisksctl can't lock the LUKS volume. The only way I've found of using the disk again is to reboot (!)

I'm raising this on the udev package but that is a bit of a guess; I'm assuming this is udev not processing the disconnection event correctly (though since I can't find a way of cleaning this up, it's not clear what it could do).

Tom Cook (tom-k-cook)
summary: - USB external disks are not torn down correctly when the are unplugged
+ USB external disks are not torn down correctly when they are unplugged
Revision history for this message
Tom Cook (tom-k-cook) wrote :

Just to note that I have figured out how to clean this up manually:

$ sudo dmsetup remove vms-veeabuild
$ sudo dmsetup remove vms-veea--mirror

Although this is rather a violent thing to do to a volume, since the disk has already been physically unplugged while working, we've pretty much crossed that bridge. I guess from here I should be able to write a udev rule to do this when the device is unplugged, but that's waaaaaaay beyond my udev skills.

affects: udev (Ubuntu) → systemd (Ubuntu)
Revision history for this message
Dan Streetman (ddstreet) wrote :

please reopen if this is still an issue

Changed in systemd (Ubuntu):
status: New → Invalid
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