Recalled NFSv4 files delegations overwhelm server

Bug #1957986 reported by dann frazier
This bug affects 1 person
Affects Status Importance Assigned to Milestone
linux (Ubuntu)
Status tracked in Jammy
dann frazier

Bug Description

An NFSv4 client that does a lot of opens/closes can overwhelm and NFSv4 server, causing a significant drop in performance. In my testing, I've seen performance drop from ~700MiB/s down to < 10MiB/s. The same workload using NFSv3 does not have this problem.

[Test Case]
This can be demonstrated using the elbencho benchmark from
 $ elbencho -t 40 -r -n 10 -N 5000 -s 128k -b 128k /mnt/nfs/ubuntu

You'll notice the nfsd threads (I stuck w/ the default of 4) start to consume 100% CPU, and the performance of the elbencho benchmark will begin to trickle.

The following fix solves the problem, but there are a number of patches dependencies required before it will apply to focal:

commit 10717f45639f6c1bc27b56405252c3a027406d92 (refs/bisect/bad)
Author: Trond Myklebust <email address hidden>
Date: Mon Jan 27 09:58:19 2020 -0500

    NFSv4: Limit the total number of cached delegations

    Delegations can be expensive to return, and can cause scalability issues
    for the server. Let's therefore try to limit the number of inactive
    delegations we hold.
    Once the number of delegations is above a certain threshold, start
    to return them on close.

    Signed-off-by: Trond Myklebust <email address hidden>
    Signed-off-by: Anna Schumaker <email address hidden>

[What could go wrong]
The fixes are restricted to NFS code, so problems should be limited to NFS users. They could include performance issues, crashes, etc. Because these changes are mostly related to NFS delegations, I use the `nfstest_delegation` test suite from nfstest[*] to try and identify any regressions:

./nfstest_delegation --client --server -e /srv/nfstest --trcdelay 4

Both before and after applying the fixes, I see the same 146 tests pass and 23 failures. The 23 failures are expected because I was using a Linux-based NFSv4 server which does not support all of the delegation modes that the test checks for.

[*] git://

dann frazier (dannf)
Changed in linux (Ubuntu Jammy):
status: New → Fix Released
Changed in linux (Ubuntu Impish):
status: New → Fix Released
Changed in linux (Ubuntu Hirsute):
status: New → Fix Released
Changed in linux (Ubuntu Focal):
status: New → In Progress
assignee: nobody → dann frazier (dannf)
Revision history for this message
dann frazier (dannf) wrote :
description: updated
Revision history for this message
dann frazier (dannf) wrote :
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