bzr crashed with RuntimeError in normpath(): maximum recursion depth exceeded while calling a Python object

Bug #720853 reported by Evan on 2011-02-17
This bug affects 2 people
Affects Status Importance Assigned to Milestone
Shannon Weyrick
bzr search plugin
bzr (Ubuntu)
Jelmer Vernooij

Bug Description

Binary package hint: bzr

bzr index always fails on lp:ubiquity.

ProblemType: Crash
DistroRelease: Ubuntu 11.04
Package: bzr 2.3.0-2
ProcVersionSignature: Ubuntu 2.6.38-3.30-generic 2.6.38-rc4
Uname: Linux 2.6.38-3-generic x86_64
Architecture: amd64
BzrDebugFlags: set()
BzrVersion: 2.3.0
CommandLine: ['/usr/bin/bzr', 'index']
CrashDb: bzr
Date: Thu Feb 17 11:12:31 2011
ExecutablePath: /usr/bin/bzr
FileSystemEncoding: UTF-8
InstallationMedia: Ubuntu 10.04 "Lucid Lynx" - Alpha amd64 (20100109)
InterpreterPath: /usr/bin/python2.7
Locale: en_GB.UTF-8
PackageArchitecture: all
Platform: Linux-2.6.38-3-generic-x86_64-with-Ubuntu-11.04-natty
ProcCmdline: /usr/bin/python /usr/bin/bzr index
PythonVersion: 2.7.1
SourcePackage: bzr
Title: bzr crashed with RuntimeError in normpath(): maximum recursion depth exceeded while calling a Python object
UserEncoding: UTF-8
UserGroups: adm admin cdrom dialout libvirtd lpadmin plugdev sambashare

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/bzrlib/", line 923, in exception_to_return_code
    return the_callable(*args, **kwargs)
  File "/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/bzrlib/", line 1123, in run_bzr
    ret = run(*run_argv)
  File "/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/bzrlib/", line 691, in run_argv_aliases
  File "/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/bzrlib/", line 710, in run
    return self._operation.run_simple(*args, **kwargs)
  File "/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/bzrlib/", line 135, in run_simple
    self.cleanups, self.func, *args, **kwargs)
  File "/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/bzrlib/", line 165, in _do_with_cleanups
    result = func(*args, **kwargs)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/bzrlib/plugins/search/", line 41, in run
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/bzrlib/plugins/search/", line 169, in index_url
    index.index_revisions(branch, revs_to_index)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/bzrlib/plugins/search/", line 341, in index_revisions
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/bzrlib/plugins/search/", line 389, in _index_revisions
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/bzrlib/plugins/search/", line 402, in _add_index
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/bzrlib/plugins/search/", line 1128, in upload_index
    term_indices[len(term)].add_node(term, term_value, ())
  File "/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/bzrlib/", line 174, in add_node
  File "/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/bzrlib/", line 191, in _spill_mem_keys_to_disk
    backing_pos) = self._spill_mem_keys_and_combine()
  File "/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/bzrlib/", line 225, in _spill_mem_keys_and_combine
  File "/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/bzrlib/", line 385, in _write_nodes
    self._add_key(string_key, line, rows, allow_optimize=allow_optimize)
  File "/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/bzrlib/", line 351, in _add_key
    self._add_key(string_key, line, rows, allow_optimize=allow_optimize)
 File "/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/bzrlib/", line 351, in _add_key
    self._add_key(string_key, line, rows, allow_optimize=allow_optimize)
  File "/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/bzrlib/", line 351, in _add_key
    self._add_key(string_key, line, rows, allow_optimize=allow_optimize)
  File "/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/bzrlib/", line 328, in _add_key
  File "/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/bzrlib/", line 98, in finish_node
  File "/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/bzrlib/", line 76, in finish_node
    spool = tempfile.TemporaryFile(prefix='bzr-index-row-')
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/", line 478, in TemporaryFile
    (fd, name) = _mkstemp_inner(dir, prefix, suffix, flags)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/", line 230, in _mkstemp_inner
    return (fd, _os.path.abspath(file))
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/", line 349, in abspath
    return normpath(path)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/", line 315, in normpath
    slash, dot = (u'/', u'.') if isinstance(path, unicode) else ('/', '.')
RuntimeError: maximum recursion depth exceeded while calling a Python object

Related branches

Evan (ev) wrote :
visibility: private → public
tags: removed: need-duplicate-check
Martin Packman (gz) wrote :

The 'index' command used here is from the bzr-search plugin. However, the cause of the exception is the recursive method bzrlib.btree_index.BTreeBuilder._add_key so this may still be a core bzrlib problem really. A possible approach to fxing this bug would be rewriting that function to be iterative instead. Need some input from someone who knows the btree_index code.

Martin Pool (mbp) on 2011-03-23
description: updated
Changed in bzr:
importance: Undecided → Medium
status: New → Confirmed
Changed in bzr (Ubuntu):
status: New → Confirmed
importance: Undecided → Medium
Changed in bzr-search:
status: New → Confirmed
importance: Undecided → High
Changed in bzr:
assignee: nobody → Shannon Weyrick (weyrick)
Shannon Weyrick (weyrick) wrote :

After some investigation it seems that the source of the recursion problem is that while indexing, a node is being serialized to a length > PAGE_SIZE. There is currently no assertion check for that, so it recurses infinitely trying to expand the tree to fit it, in vain.

With the size assertion added, the operation stops pretty quickly (30s or so, rather than stopping at 18m at the max recursion depth). Currently trying to see why the node is so large in this case.

Martin Pool (mbp) on 2011-11-11
Changed in bzr:
status: Confirmed → Fix Released
Martin Pool (mbp) on 2011-11-14
Changed in bzr:
status: Fix Released → In Progress
John A Meinel (jameinel) wrote :
Download full text (4.0 KiB)

I think the original fix was approximately ok, we just need to find a better place to put the check.

It would be nice if we could understand why bug #889872 was succeeding in writing content, but not enough to make it think something was written.

1) Could line be an empty string? No, It comes from _flatten_node, so at a minimum there are some \x00 bytes in there, even if the key and the references were all empty.
2) I can imagine that it could be exactly 2 bytes, though. Specifically, bytes_out_len is just what zlib.compressobj.compress() has decided it needs to write so-far. And it usually buffers quite a bit (a few KB)
When I look at it:
  >>> import zlib
  >>> o = zlib.compressobj()
  >>> o.compress('abcdefghijklmnop')
Which is the same bytes you get if you write a different string there. So I'm guessing that is "this is a zlib compressed structure" 2-byte header.

3) During normal commits, etc, we use a soft packing scheme, but during 'bzr pack' we do a "hard" packing scheme. Specific differences are:
    # Tuple of (num_repack_attempts, num_zsync_attempts)
    # num_zsync_attempts only has meaning if num_repack_attempts is 0.
    _repack_opts_for_speed = (0, 8)
    _repack_opts_for_size = (20, 0)
  a) that means during normal commit, we do:
  if these bytes will fit without compression, accept them.
  once we fill the buffer, call zobj.flush(Z_SYNC_FLUSH), and re-estimate how many more bytes we can fit.
  but only use Z_SYNC_FLUSH 8 times, otherwise just consider the page FULL.
  b) However, during 'pack' we are much more aggressive
  Use a similar strategy to just add content that we know will fit, and then Z_SYNC_FLUSH to get a good estimate of how much
  compression we expect to get.
  Once the buffer is then 'almost full', take all the data so far and write it to a new zlib compressobj. Then try to add just the new content and Z_SYNC_FLUSH it. That way, instead of having N Z_SYNC_FLUSH points consuming space in our stream, we only have the one at the end.
 At this point, the new content may not fit. So we fall back and write the existing data to a compressed stream, and mark it finalized. And return that we could not add the new content.

So actually 3b) sounds like during 'bzr pack' we'll pretty much always get bytes_out_len == 2. Because we write content to the PAGE until we're absolutely sure we can't fit any more, and then we create a new zlib object to make it as small as possible. However, because we aren't calling Z_SYNC_FLUSH and the zlib buffer is probably bigger than the number of bytes we've written, the only bytes that have been output are the zlib header, and all the other bytes are sitting in the zlib buffer waiting for .finish() to be called and for us to flush() the compressor.

So what would I say would be better...

The code we are changing is in _add_key. It has an earlier check "rows[-1].writer is None". If that is True, then we are creating a new PAGE and the content is empty to start. So just do this:
=== modified file 'bzrlib/'
--- bzrlib/ 2011-08-19 22:34:02 +0000
+++ bzrlib/ 2011-11-14 09:54:20 +0000
@@ -294,7 +294,9 @@
             flag when ...


Shannon Weyrick (weyrick) wrote :

Awesome, thanks John, I'll get a fix in based on that and see if I can get a test case for bug #889872 as well

Shannon Weyrick (weyrick) wrote :

Switching to the new_leaf check does indeed seem to solve this bug and bug #889872. Will propose new merge.

Changed in bzr:
status: In Progress → Fix Released
Martin Packman (gz) on 2011-11-17
Changed in bzr:
milestone: none → 2.5b4
Shannon Weyrick (weyrick) wrote :

re: the bzr search plugin, it now needs to handle the new exception raised. simply skipping the big key would be a good start, finding out why such a big key is being added to the index would be better.

Jelmer Vernooij (jelmer) on 2011-12-08
Changed in bzr (Ubuntu):
status: Confirmed → Fix Released
milestone: none → precise-alpha-2
assignee: nobody → Jelmer Vernooij (jelmer)

Note that this will still crash, but more cleanly, until the corresponding
fix is done in bzr-search. Or maybe it now has been done?
On Dec 8, 2011 11:31 PM, "Jelmer Vernooij" <email address hidden>

> ** Changed in: bzr (Ubuntu)
> Status: Confirmed => Fix Released
> ** Changed in: bzr (Ubuntu)
> Milestone: None => precise-alpha-2
> ** Changed in: bzr (Ubuntu)
> Assignee: (unassigned) => Jelmer Vernooij (jelmer)
> --
> You received this bug notification because you are subscribed to bzr in
> Ubuntu.
> Title:
> bzr crashed with RuntimeError in normpath(): maximum recursion depth
> exceeded while calling a Python object
> To manage notifications about this bug go to:

Jelmer Vernooij (jelmer) wrote :

The change in bzr-search hasn't been made yet as far as I know.

Shannon Weyrick (weyrick) wrote :

I've created a branch of bzr-search that does the simple skip on bad key. It does fix the original bug submitter's problem of not being able to use bzr-search with ubiquity. It does not solve the root cause of the bad (big) key, however.

Martin Pool (mbp) wrote :

Thanks Shannon, looks reasonable to me. You pushed this as a branch of lp:bzr but it's actually a branch of lp:bzr-search, which is apparently blocking it being proposed to merge.

It would be nice to perhaps dump the bad key so we can work out what causes this.

Shannon Weyrick (weyrick) wrote :

Yes, sorry about the branch mishap, I think I've cleaned it up. I've proposed a merge.

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