armhf QCOW image contains partition bigger than the image

Reported by Michael Hope on 2012-04-13
8
This bug affects 1 person
Affects Status Importance Assigned to Milestone
Ubuntu
High
Unassigned

Bug Description

Seen on http://uec-images.ubuntu.com/precise/current/precise-server-cloudimg-armhf-disk1.img

The QCOW2 image fails to mount inside QEMU or using qemu-nbd due to the partition being bigger than the device. To reproduce:

 * Download the image
 * Run sudo qemu-nbd -c /dev/nbd0 $PWD/precise-server-cloudimg-armhf-disk1.img
 * Have a look a dmesg
 * See 'nbd0: p1 size 1638630 extends beyond EOD, truncated'
 * Run sudo partprobe /dev/nbd0
 * See Error: Can't have a partition outside the disk!

On QEMU you'll see things like EXT4-fs (mmcblk0p1): bad geometry: block count 204800 exceeds size of device (204775 blocks)

The on-disk image is ~200 M. The virtual size is 808 M. When QEMU sees it it reports as 807 M.

The raw image in $foo-armhf.tar.gz is fine.

Ben Howard (utlemming) wrote :

Thank you for giving the the ARMHF images a look. I was unable to replicate using the latest daily. Can you tell me what daily you were using?

[29788514.597447] nbd: registered device at major 43
[29788521.545571] nbd0: p1
[29789553.013362] EXT4-fs (loop0): mounted filesystem with ordered data mode. Opts: (null)
[29789584.151973] EXT4-fs (nbd0p1): mounted filesystem with ordered data mode. Opts: (null)

Changed in ubuntu-on-ec2:
status: New → Incomplete
importance: Undecided → Medium
Michael Hope (michaelh1) wrote :

Sure. I see the problem with today's build at:
 http://uec-images.ubuntu.com/precise/20120423/precise-server-cloudimg-armhf-disk1.img

Running the qemu-nbd command gives:

[24141.298818] nbd0: p1
[24141.298848] nbd0: p1 size 1638630 extends beyond EOD, truncated

but it does mount OK:

sudo mount /dev/nbd0p1 /mnt
[24312.910516] EXT4-fs (nbd0p1): mounted filesystem with ordered data mode. Opts: (null)

That may be due to luck :)

And some versions:

michaelh@crucis:~/Downloads$ qemu-nbd --version
qemu-nbd version 0.0.1
Written by Anthony Liguori.

Copyright (C) 2006 Anthony Liguori <email address hidden>.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO
warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

michaelh@crucis:~/Downloads$ dpkg -l qemu-utils
Desired=Unknown/Install/Remove/Purge/Hold
| Status=Not/Inst/Conf-files/Unpacked/halF-conf/Half-inst/trig-aWait/Trig-pend
|/ Err?=(none)/Reinst-required (Status,Err: uppercase=bad)
||/ Name Version Description
+++-====================-====================-========================================================
ii qemu-utils 1.0+noroms-0ubuntu13 qemu utilities

This is on Precise x86_64.

dann frazier (dannf) wrote :

This appears to be an off-by-one error in the image creation process.

## I grabbed this image:
$ md5sum precise-server-cloudimg-armhf-disk1.img
8b5374717525b0122f1f2f158efcc0a2 precise-server-cloudimg-armhf-disk1.img
## Converted it to raw format
$ qemu-img convert -O raw precise-server-cloudimg-armhf-disk1.img precise-server-cloudimg-armhf-disk1.raw
## Then dumped the disk/filesystem sizes using a sector unit
$ parted precise-server-cloudimg-armhf-disk1.raw -- unit s print
WARNING: You are not superuser. Watch out for permissions.
Model: (file)
Disk /home/ubuntu/precise-server-cloudimg-armhf-disk1.raw: 1654695s
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition Table: msdos

Number Start End Size Type File system Flags
 1 16065s 1654694s 1638630s primary ext4 boot

## The disk is 1654695 sectors, which means it contains sectors 0->1654694
## But you can see that partition 1's last sector is 16065 + 1638630 = 1654695
## i.e., 1 sector past the end of the disk.
## By adding one more sector to the image, the kernel no longer complains:
$ sudo dmesg -c > /dev/null
$ sudo qemu-nbd -r -c /dev/nbd5 $(pwd)/precise-server-cloudimg-armhf-disk1.img+1
$ dmesg
[18417.738752] nbd5: p1

It looks like the disk is just 1 sector short of a full partition (yeah, yeah - takes one to know one).

I'll drop the "Incomplete" flag, since I don't think any more information is required from the submitter.

Changed in ubuntu-on-ec2:
status: Incomplete → Confirmed
Scott Moser (smoser) on 2012-10-16
no longer affects: ubuntu-on-ec2
Changed in ubuntu:
importance: Undecided → High
status: New → Confirmed
tags: added: cloud-images cloud-images-build

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tags: added: bot-comment
dann frazier (dannf) wrote :

Oops - missed a step there. Here's how I added the extra sector to the raw image & reconverted to qcow2:

$ dd if=/dev/zero bs=512 count=1 oflag=append conv=notrunc of=precise-server-cloudimg-armhf-disk1.raw
1+0 records in
1+0 records out
512 bytes (512 B) copied, 8.7139e-05 s, 5.9 MB/s
$ qemu-img convert -O qcow2 precise-server-cloudimg-armhf-disk1.raw precise-server-cloudimg-armhf-disk1.img+1

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