disk space grows by >500% while preparing a backup

Bug #950334 reported by Daniel Frett on 2012-03-08
This bug affects 4 people
Affects Status Importance Assigned to Milestone
Percona XtraBackup moved to https://jira.percona.com/projects/PXB
Fix Released
Alexey Kopytov
Fix Released
Alexey Kopytov
Fix Released
Alexey Kopytov

Bug Description

when preparing a backup of a database with a large amount (100,000+) of small tables using innodb_file_per_table, each table grows to at least 1MB in size. This can result in a large increase in disk usage.

The problem appears to be caused by a call to _fil_io in fil0fil.c to load block_offset 0 of a tablespace that hasn't been loaded yet. Before the tablespace is loaded, space->size is 0 as well. This causes this chunk of code:

 if (space->size <= block_offset) {
  ulint actual_size;

  fil_extend_space_to_desired_size(&actual_size, space->id,
       ((block_offset + 1) / 64 + 1) * 64);
  /* should retry? but it may safe for xtrabackup for now. */

to think this is a request past the end of the file and to grow the file to the 1MB boundary.

A simple fix is to also test if block_offset != 0 before growing the file. You could also check to see if space->size == 0 (tablespace hasn't been loaded). But that would be unnecessary because if space->size > 0, a request for block_offset 0 would fail the space->size <= block_offset test

Related branches

Alexey Kopytov (akopytov) wrote :

Thank you for the problem report and the fix!

Changed in percona-xtrabackup:
status: New → Triaged
importance: Undecided → Medium
Stewart Smith (stewart) on 2012-12-05
tags: added: contribution
Alexey Kopytov (akopytov) wrote :

This is a rather serious problem in cases when there are large numbers of tablespaces. Raising the priority and we should fix it in 2.0.6.

Chris Boulton (chris.boulton) wrote :

I hadn't actually come across this until this evening, and we've only just managed to scrape by while preparing a backup (SST in PXC). We managed to go from disks usually 20% full, to 98% full, with our setup. We're now sitting at 97% full with the expanded tablespace fies.

Kinda funny that you just updated this issue today, Alexey - it's almost like you psychically saw me coming.

Are there any thoughts on Daniel's fix above, or if there's a better alternative? (it's something I'd like to fix ASAP and will probably end up rolling my own binaries for)

Alexey Kopytov (akopytov) wrote :


Daniel's fix looks correct.

Glad I found this bug. I thought I was going crazy when most my tables had larger idb files after a restore.

Percona now uses JIRA for bug reports so this bug report is migrated to: https://jira.percona.com/browse/PXB-321

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