lxml should not do external entity expansion (XXE) by default

Bug #1742885 reported by Lie Ryan
This bug affects 1 person
Affects Status Importance Assigned to Milestone
Fix Released

Bug Description

libxml2 defaults to disabling external entity expansion (XXE) since version 2.9.0 (https://git.gnome.org/browse/libxml2/commit/?id=4629ee02ac649c27f9c0cf98ba017c6b5526070f). However, lxml would still process external entity even when using libxml2>=2.9.0.

lxml should either follow the installed libxml2 version's default behavior or to explicitly disable processing external entities.

Test case is attached.


Python : sys.version_info(major=2, minor=7, micro=13, releaselevel='final', serial=0)
lxml.etree : (4, 1, 1, 0)
libxml used : (2, 9, 7)
libxml compiled : (2, 9, 7)
libxslt used : (1, 1, 32)
libxslt compiled : (1, 1, 32)

Revision history for this message
Lie Ryan (lie-1296) wrote :
scoder (scoder)
information type: Private Security → Public
Revision history for this message
scoder (scoder) wrote :

This is actually documented:

And the defusedxml package has additional information about security in lxml (and other XML packages):

I agree that it's something that's worth changing, even though it's a backwards incompatible change.

Pull request welcome. See the "_local_resolver()" function in "parser.pxi". A reasonable logic might be to disallow access to local files by default if the input file itself is not known to be local, but add an XMLParser option to override it. Not sure about the HTMLParser, but that probably suffers from the same issue.

Changed in lxml:
importance: Undecided → Wishlist
status: New → Confirmed
scoder (scoder)
Changed in lxml:
milestone: none → 5.0
Revision history for this message
scoder (scoder) wrote :
Changed in lxml:
status: Confirmed → Fix Committed
scoder (scoder)
Changed in lxml:
assignee: nobody → scoder (scoder)
status: Fix Committed → Fix Released
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