frequent spawn failures on busy ocata cloud

Bug #1734227 reported by Paul Collins on 2017-11-24
This bug affects 3 people
Affects Status Importance Assigned to Milestone
OpenStack Compute (nova)
Ubuntu Cloud Archive

Bug Description

On one of our OpenStack deployments, which runs ocata from the
Ubuntu Cloud Archive on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS, we often find that
instances fail to spawn as follows. We generally observe this
problem more frequently on older compute hosts when the spawn rate
is high enough (this cloud runs mostly short-lived instances).

From nova show's "fault" field:

 {"message": "Build of instance 1d005a25-8168-4dc5-807f-fee261244fce aborted: Failed to allocate the network(s), not rescheduling.", "code": 5
2.7/dist-packages/nova/compute/\", line 1781, in _do_build_and_run_instance
   File \"/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/nova/compute/\", line 1991, in _build_and_run_instance
 ", "created": "2017-11-23T00:55:09Z"}

Reviewing nova-compute.log reveals the following:

2017-11-23 00:50:01.027 4173 DEBUG nova.compute.manager [req-c8ca7a40-7960-4d64-99e6-80819c8d2c4a 9de5c125a94e46d696be0d4878570867 c23bfbac9c1045c5bbc632d950a5bdd1 - - -] [instance: 1d005a25-8168-4dc5-807f-fee261244fce] Starting instance... _do_build_and_run_instance /usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/nova/compute/
2017-11-23 00:55:05.978 4173 WARNING nova.virt.libvirt.driver [req-c8ca7a40-7960-4d64-99e6-80819c8d2c4a 9de5c125a94e46d696be0d4878570867 c23bfbac9c1045c5bbc632d950a5bdd1 - - -] [instance: 1d005a25-8168-4dc5-807f-fee261244fce] Timeout waiting for vif plugging callback for instance 1d005a25-8168-4dc5-807f-fee261244fce

Reviewing the neutron-server logs, I see e.g.:

2017-11-23 00:55:08.951 1755 DEBUG neutron.notifiers.nova [-] Sending events: [{'tag': u'240480bb-8cbf-4055-94af-28beff621f21', 'name': 'network-vif-deleted', 'server_uuid': u'1d005a25-8168-4dc5-807f-fee261244fce'}] send_events /usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/neutron/notifiers/

but no such line for vif-network-plugged, which probably serves to
confirm that nova did not receive the network-vif-plugged event
because neutron did not send it in the first place; if neutron had
even tried to send the event, it would have logged it.

Now for neutron-openvswitch-agent.log on the compute host, where
this last line below looks rather strange, or at least it does if
you've had a long enough look at OVSNeutronAgent._bind_devices:

2017-11-23 00:50:03.903 2800 DEBUG neutron.plugins.ml2.drivers.openvswitch.agent.ovs_neutron_agent [req-8eb54e38-9f47-4f9e-88bd-ba7be5eb9750 b8cc253a896241748f88b380ca155afc 04f691318d40461d98fc1514c839ee67 - - -] port_update message processed for port 240480bb-8cbf-4055-94af-28beff621f21 port_update /usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/neutron/plugins/ml2/drivers/openvswitch/agent/
2017-11-23 00:50:04.451 2800 DEBUG neutron.agent.linux.async_process [-] Output received from [ovsdb-client monitor tcp: Interface name,ofport,external_ids --format=json]: {"data":[["ab0e6871-f9e3-4633-95a2-3f61f9e4ea7e","insert","qvo240480bb-8c",["set",[]],["map",[["attached-mac","fa:16:3e:fb:94:63"],["iface-id","240480bb-8cbf-4055-94af-28beff621f21"],["iface-status","active"],["vm-uuid","1d005a25-8168-4dc5-807f-fee261244fce"]]]]],"headings":["row","action","name","ofport","external_ids"]} _read_stdout /usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/neutron/agent/linux/
2017-11-23 00:56:44.314 2800 DEBUG neutron.plugins.ml2.drivers.openvswitch.agent.ovs_neutron_agent [req-3d7d1ee9-7da8-4963-b7d1-aea24cbd6343 - - - - -] Port qvo240480bb-8c was deleted concurrently, skipping it _bind_devices /usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/neutron/plugins/ml2/drivers/openvswitch/agent/

_bind_devices looks like this
(full version at

    def _bind_devices(self, need_binding_ports):
        # [...]
        port_names = [p['vif_port'].port_name for p in need_binding_ports]
        port_info = self.int_br.get_ports_attributes(
            "Port", columns=["name", "tag"], ports=port_names, if_exists=True)
        tags_by_name = {x['name']: x['tag'] for x in port_info}
        for port_detail in need_binding_ports:
            # [...]
            # Do not bind a port if it's already bound
            cur_tag = tags_by_name.get(port.port_name)
            if cur_tag is None:
                LOG.debug("Port %s was deleted concurrently, skipping it",

which seems to suggest that was binding only even attempted five
minutes later, *after* nova had given up and deleted the port,
which seems rather strange, if it's true. Although another theory
that just occurred to me is that maybe neutron-openvswitch-agent
somehow got "stuck" for long enough that nova-compute timed out.

This is also the only line that _bind_devices logs for such ports
that fail to launch in this manner on our cloud. There is no
logging corresponding to "Setting status for %s to UP",
"Configuration for devices %s failed!", or to "Configuration for
devices up %(up)s and devices down %(down)s completed." (see
further down in the code at the github link above).

I cherry-picked commit c6044fb86174caa5ec142a60a1f442764b935e5a
from ocata (it looks like it will be in neutron 10.0.5; "git
show": as it seemed like it
could be relevant, but it did not improve the situation markedly,
although we have logged a few cases where the code was invoked.

We have another similar cloud hosting similar loads, but running
mitaka, that does not evince this problem.

Paul Collins (pjdc) on 2017-11-24
affects: neutron (Ubuntu) → cloud-archive
Corey Bryant (corey.bryant) wrote :

Hi Paul,

Thanks for reporting this

Based on the port binding attempt occurring ~5 minutes later it seems you're on to something in the theory that neutron-openvswitch-agent somehow got stuck for long enough that nova-compute timed out. If you see this again can you share any more details system load for nova/neutron? /var/log/syslog may be helpful as well.

Adding upstream projects to this as well in case they've seen similar issues..


no longer affects: nova
Changed in cloud-archive:
status: New → Incomplete
Corey Bryant (corey.bryant) wrote :

Marking incomplete for now until we can get more details on system load.

Matt Riedemann (mriedem) wrote :

Sounds like nova is doing it's job but not getting the information from neutron. I'm going to mark as invalid for nova unless proven otherwise.

Changed in nova:
status: New → Invalid
Junien Fridrick (axino) wrote :

I believe a possible root cause for this is bug 1763442

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