CVE 2008-4360

mod_userdir in lighttpd before 1.4.20, when a case-insensitive operating system or filesystem is used, performs case-sensitive comparisons on filename components in configuration options, which might allow remote attackers to bypass intended access restrictions, as demonstrated by a request for a .PHP file when there is a configuration rule for .php files.

See the CVE page on Mitre.org for more details.